Complete synchronization in coupled neuromodules of different types
Frank Pasemann and Thomas Wennekers
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Submission date: 05. Nov. 1999
published in: Theory in biosciences, 118 (1999), p. 267 - 283
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We discuss the parametrized dynamics of two coupled recurrent neural networks comprising either additive sigmoid neurons in discrete time or biologically more plausible time-continuous leaky-integrate-and-fire cells. General conditions for the existence of synchronized activity in such networks are given, which guarantee that corresponding neurons in both coupled sub-networks evolve synchronously. It is, in particular, demonstrated that even the coupling of totally different network structures can result in complex dynamics constrained to a synchronization manifold M. For additive sigmoid neurons the synchronized dynamics can be periodic, quasiperiodic as well as chaotic, and its stability can be determined by Lyapunov exponent techniques. For leaky-integrate-and-fire cells synchronized orbits are typically periodic, often with an extremely long period duration. In addition to synchronized attractors there often co-exist asynchronous periodic, quasiperiodic and even chaotic attractors.