Zusammenfassung für den Vortrag am 16.10.2002 (16:15 Uhr)Seminar MATHEMATISCHE MODELLIERUNG BIOLOGISCHER SYSTEME
Markus Brede (Universität Leipzig)
Patterns in randomly evolving networks: Idiotypic networks
We present a model for the evolution of networks of occupied sites on undirected regular graphs. At every iteration step in a parallel update I randomly chosen empty sites are occupied and occupied sites having degree outside of a given interval are set empty. Depending on the influx I and the values of both lower threshold and upper threshold of the degree different kinds of behaviour can be observed. In certain regimes stable long-living patterns appear. We distinguish two types of pattern: static patterns arising on graphs with low connectivity and dynamic patterns found on high connectivity graphs. Increasing I patterns become unstable and transitions between almost stable patterns, interrupted by disordered phases, occur. For still larger I the lifetime of occupied sites becomes very small and network structures are dominated by randomness. We develop methods to analyze nature and dynamics of these network patterns, give a statistical description of defects and fluctuations around them, and elucidate transitions between different patterns. Results and methods presented can be applied to a variety of problems in different fields and a broad class of graphs. Aiming chiefly at the modeling of functional networks of idiotypic networks are discussed.