A geometric framework for phase synchronization in coupled noisy nonlinear systems
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Submission date: 09. Mar. 2006
published in: Physical review / E, 73 (2006) 3, art-no. 036206
DOI number (of the published article): 10.1103/PhysRevE.73.036206
PACS-Numbers: 05.45.-a, 05.45.Xt, 05.40.-a, 02.90.+p, 89.75.-k
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A geometric approach is introduced for understanding the phenomenon of phase synchronization in coupled nonlinear systems in the presence of additive noise. We show that the emergence of cooperative behavior through a change of stability via a Hopf bifurcation entails the spontaneous appearance of a gauge structure in the system, arising from the evolution of the slow dynamics, but induced by the fast variables. The conditions for the oscillators to be synchronised in phase are obtained. The role of weak noise appears to be to drive the system towards a more synchronized behavior. Our analysis provides a framework to explain recent experimental observations on noise-induced phase synchronization in coupled nonlinear systems.