Quantitative steepness, semi-FKPP reactions, and pushmi-pullyu fronts
Jing An, Christopher Henderson, and Lenya Ryzhik
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Submission date: 10. Aug. 2022
Link to arXiv: See the arXiv entry of this preprint.
We uncover a seemingly previously unnoticed algebraic structure of a large class of reaction-diffusion equations and use it, in particular, to study the long time behavior of the solutions and their convergence to traveling waves in the pulled and pushed regimes, as well as at the pushmi- pullyu boundary. One such new object introduced in this paper is the shape defect function, which, indirectly, measures the difference between the profiles of the solution and the traveling wave. While one can recast the classical notion of ‘steepness’ in terms of the positivity of the shape defect function, its positivity can, surprisingly, be used in numerous quantitative ways. In particular, the positivity is used in a new weighted Hopf-Cole transform and in a relative entropy approach that play a key role in the stability arguments. The shape defect function also gives a new connection between reaction-diffusion equations at the pulled-pushed transition and reaction conservation laws. Other simple but seemingly new algebraic constructions in the present paper supply various unexpected inequalities sprinkled throughout the paper. Of note is a new variational formulation that applies equally to pulled and pushed fronts, opening the door to an as-yet-elusive variational analysis in the pulled case.