Zusammenfassung für den Vortrag am 16.11.2016 (13:30 Uhr)Seminar on Non-Linear Algebra
Andreas Weber (Universität Bonn)
Model reduction and model analysis of chemical reaction networks by methods of tropical geometry
Model reduction of bio-chemical networks relies on the knowledge of slow and fast variables. We provide a geometric method, based on the Newton polytope, to identify slow variables of a bio-chemical network with polynomial rate functions. The gist of the method is the notion of tropical equilibration that provides approximate descriptions of slow invariant manifolds. Compared to extant numerical algorithms such as the intrinsic low dimensional manifold method, our approach is symbolic and utilizes orders of magnitude instead of precise values of the model parameters. Application of this method to a large collection of biochemical network models supports the idea that the number of dynamical variables in minimal models of cell physiology can be small, in spite of the large number of molecular regulatory actors. Moreover, the the computed solution polytopes can be related to metastable regimes allowing to describe the qualitative dynamics of chemical reactions networks.