Preprint 27/2016

Hierarchical Models as Marginals of Hierarchical Models

Guido Montúfar and Johannes Rauh

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Submission date: 22. Mar. 2016
Pages: 24
published as: Hierarchical models as marginals of hierarchical models.
In: International journal of approximate reasoning, 88 (2017), p. 531-546 
DOI number (of the published article): 10.1016/j.ijar.2016.09.003
published as: Hierarchical models as marginals of hierarchical models.
In: Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on Uncertainty Processing WUPES '15, Moninec, Czech Republic, September 16-19th, 2015 / V. Kratochvíl (ed.)
Praha : Oeconomica, 2015. - P. 131 - 145 
Keywords and phrases: hierarchical model, soft-plus network, interaction model, graphical model
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We investigate the representation of hierarchical models in terms of marginals of other hierarchical models with smaller interactions. We focus on binary variables and marginals of pairwise interaction models whose hidden variables are conditionally independent given the visible variables. In this case the problem is equivalent to the representation of linear subspaces of polynomials by feedforward neural networks with soft-plus computational units. We show that every hidden variable can freely model multiple interactions among the visible variables, which allows us to generalize and improve previous results. In particular, we show that a restricted Boltzmann machine with [2(log(v) + 1)(v + 1)]2v1 hidden binary variables can approximate every distribution of v visible binary variables arbitrarily well, which improves the previous bound 2v11.

01.09.2017, 01:42