Semidefinite Network Games

  • Constantin Ickstadt (Goethe Universität Frankfurt)
G3 10 (Lecture hall)


Network games are an important class of games that model agent interactions in networked systems, where players are situated at the nodes of a graph and their payoffs depend on the actions taken by their neighbors. We extend the classical framework by considering a game model where the strategies are positive semidefinite matrices having trace one. These (continuous) games can serve as a simple model of quantum strategic interactions. We focus on the zero-sum case, where the sum of all players’ payoffs is equal to zero. We establish that in this class of games, Nash equilibria can be characterized as the projection of a spectrahedron, that is, the feasible region of a semidefinite program. Furthermore, we demonstrate that determining whether a game is a semidefinite network game is equivalent to deciding if the value of a semidefinite program is zero. Beyond the zero-sum case, we characterize Nash equilibria as the solutions of a semidefinite linear complementarity problem.

Mirke Olschewski

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