Entire Solutions of Semilinear Elliptic Equations in ^3 and a Conjecture of De Giorgi

  • Xavier Cabre (Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona)
A3 01 (Sophus-Lie room)


We consider bounded entire solutions of semilinear elliptic equations of the form Δ u = F'(u) in R3, satisfying δx3 u > 0 in R3 and u(x1,x2,x3) → ± 1 as x3 → ± ∞. We do not assume these limits to be uniform with respect to (x1,x2). Under the hypothesis that F ≥ min{F(1),F(-1)} in [-1,1] , we prove that the level sets of u are planes. That is, u is a function of one variable only. This establishes in dimension three a conjecture formulated by De Giorgi in 1978. In dimension two, this conjecture was recently proved by Ghoussoub and Gui, and similar results were obtained by Berestycki, Caffarelli and Nirenberg. The conjecture remains open in dimension n ≥ 4.

AMS Classification: 35B05, 35B40, 35B45, 35J60

Keywords: Semilinear elliptic PDE, Symmetry and monotonicity properties, Energy estimates, Liouville theorems

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