Symbolic synchronization and the detection of global properties of coupled dynamics from local information.
Sarika Jalan, Jürgen Jost, and Fatihcan M. Atay
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Submission date: 20. Apr. 2006
published in: Chaos, 16 (2006) 3, art-no. 033124
DOI number (of the published article): 10.1063/1.2336415
PACS-Numbers: 05.45.Ra, 05.45.Xt, 84.35.Xt, 89.75.Fb
Keywords and phrases: Symbolic Dynamics, synchronization
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We study coupled dynamics on networks using symbolic dynamics. The symbolic dynamics is defined by dividing the state space into a small number of regions (typically 2), and considering the relative frequencies of the transitions between those regions. It turns out that the global qualitative properties of the coupled dynamics can be classified into three different phases based on the synchronization of the variables and the homogeneity of the symbolic dynamics. Of particular interest is the homogeneous unsynchronized phase where the coupled dynamics is in a chaotic unsynchronized state, but exhibits (almost) identical symbolic dynamics at all the nodes in the network. We refer to this dynamical behaviour as symbolic synchronization. In this phase, the local symbolic dynamics of any arbitrarily selected node reflects global properties of the coupled dynamics, such as qualitative behavior of the largest Lyapunov exponent, complete synchronization, and phase synchronization. This phase depends mainly on the network architecture, and only to a smaller extent on the local dynamical function. We present results for two model dynamics, iterations of the one-dimensional logistic map and the two-dimensional Hénon map, as local dynamical function.