A moduli stack of tropical curves
Renzo Cavalieri, Melody Chan, Martin Ulirsch,and Jonathan Wise
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Submission date: 28. Jul. 2017
MSC-Numbers: 14T05, 14A20
Link to arXiv:See the arXiv entry of this preprint.
We contribute to the foundations of tropical geometry with a view towards formulating tropical moduli problems, and with the moduli space of curves as our main example. We propose a moduli functor for the moduli space of curves and show that it is representable by a geometric stack over the category of rational polyhedral cones. In this framework the natural forgetful morphisms between moduli spaces of curves with marked points function as universal curves. Our approach to tropical geometry permits tropical moduli problems---moduli of curves or otherwise---to be extended to logarithmic schemes. We use this to construct a smooth tropicalization morphism from the moduli space of algebraic curves to the moduli space of tropical curves, and we show that this morphism commutes with all of the tautological morphisms.