Quantum Discord of Rank-2 Two-qubit States
Xue-Na Zhu, Xianqing Li-Jost, and Shao-Ming Fei
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Submission date: 15. Aug. 2017
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Quantum correlations characterized by quantum entanglement and quantum discord play important roles in many quantum information processing. We study the relations among the entanglement of formation, concurrence, tangle, linear entropy based classical correlation and von Neumann entropy based classical correlation. We present analytical formulae of both linear entropy based and von Neumann entropy based classical correlations for arbitrary d × 2 quantum states. From the von Neumann entropy based classical correlation, we derive an explicit formula of quantum discord for arbitrary rank-2 two-qubit quantum states.