Preprint 16/2020

Local cohomology on a subexceptional series of representations

András Cristian Lőrincz and Jerzy Weyman

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Submission date: 25. Jan. 2020
Pages: 23
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Link to arXiv: See the arXiv entry of this preprint.

We consider a series of four subexceptional representations coming from the third line of the Freudenthal-Tits magic square; using Bourbaki notation, these are fundamental representations (G,X) corresponding to (C33),(A53),(D65) and (E76). In each of these four cases, the group G = G′× acts on X with five orbits, and many invariants display a uniform behavior, e.g. dimension of orbits, their defining ideals and the character of their coordinate rings as G-modules. In this paper, we determine some more subtle invariants and analyze their uniformity within the series. We describe the category of G-equivariant coherent DX-modules as the category of representations of a quiver with relations. We construct explicitly the simple G-equivariant DX-modules and compute the characters of their underlying G-structures. We determine the local cohomology groups with supports given by orbit closures, determining their precise DX-module structure. As a consequence, we calculate the intersection cohomology groups and Lyubeznik numbers of the orbit closures. While our results for the cases (A53),(D65) and (E76) are still completely uniform, the case (C33) displays a surprisingly different behavior. We give two explanations for this phenomenon: one topological, as the middle orbit of (C33) is not simply-connected; one geometric, as the closure of the orbit is not Gorenstein.

24.11.2021, 02:20