Forman-Ricci curvature and Persistent homology of unweighted complex networks
Indrava Roy, Sudharsan Vijayaraghavan, Sarath Jyotsna Ramaia, and Areejit Samal
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Submission date: 29. Jan. 2020
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We present the application of topological data analysis (TDA) to study unweighted complex networks via their persistent homology. By endowing appropriate weights that capture the inherent topological characteristics of such a network, we convert an unweighted network into a weighted one. Standard TDA tools are then used to compute their persistent homology. To this end, we use two main quantifiers: a local measure based on Forman's discretized version of Ricci curvature, and a global measure based on edge betweenness centrality. We have employed these methods to study various model and real-world networks. Our results show that persistent homology can be used to distinguish between model and real networks with different topological properties.