Optimal isoperimetric inequalities for 2-dimensional surfaces in Hadamard-Cartan manifolds in any codimension

  • Felix Schulze (University College London)
A3 01 (Sophus-Lie room)


Let $(M^n,g)$ be simply connected, complete, with non-positive sectional curvatures, and $\Sigma$ a 2-dimensional closed integral current (or flat chain mod 2) with compact support in $M$. Let $S$ be an area minimising integral 3-current (resp.~flat chain mod 2) such that $\partial S = \Sigma$. We use a weak mean curvature flow, obtained via elliptic regularisation, starting from $\Sigma$, to show that S satisfies the optimal Euclidean isoperimetric inequality: $ 6 \sqrt{\pi}\, \mathbf{M}[S] \leq (\mathbf{M}[\Sigma])^{3/2} $. We also obtain an optimal estimate in case the sectional curvatures of M are bounded from above by $-\kappa < 0$ and characterise the case of equality. The proof follows from an almost monotonicity of a suitable isoperimetric difference along the approximating flows in one dimension higher and an optimal estimate for the Willmore energy of a 2-dimensional integral varifold with first variation summable in $L^2$.

Katja Heid

MPI for Mathematics in the Sciences Contact via Mail

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