MiS Preprint Repository

We have decided to discontinue the publication of preprints on our preprint server as of 1 March 2024. The publication culture within mathematics has changed so much due to the rise of repositories such as ArXiV ( that we are encouraging all institute members to make their preprints available there. An institute's repository in its previous form is, therefore, unnecessary. The preprints published to date will remain available here, but we will not add any new preprints here.

MiS Preprint

Non-differentiable embedding of Lagrangian systems and partial differential equations

Jacky Cresson and Isabelle Greff


We develop the non-differentiable embedding theory of differential operators and Lagrangian systems using a new operator on non-differentiable functions. We then construct the corresponding calculus of variations and we derive the associated non-differentiable Euler-Lagrange equation, and apply this formalism to the study of PDE's. First, we extend the characteristics method to the non-differentiable case. We prove that non-differentiable characteristics for the Navier-Stokes equation correspond to extremals of an explicit non-differentiable Lagrangian system. Second, we prove that the solutions of the Schrödinger equation are non-differentiable extremals of the Newton's Lagrangian.


Related publications

2011 Repository Open Access
Jacky Cresson and Isabelle Greff

Non-differentiable embedding of Lagrangian systems and partial differential equations

In: Journal of mathematical analysis and applications, 384 (2011) 2, pp. 626-646