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Topological recursion relations in non-equivariant cylindrical contact homology
Oliver Fabert and Paolo Rossi
It was pointed out by Eliashberg in his ICM 2006 plenary talk that the integrable systems of rational Gromov-Witten theory very naturally appear in the rich algebraic formalism of symplectic field theory (SFT). Carefully generalizing the definition of gravitational descendants from Gromov-Witten theory to SFT, one can assign to every contact manifold a Hamiltonian system with symmetries on SFT homology and the question of its integrability arises. While we have shown how the well-known string, dilaton and divisor equations translate from Gromov-Witten theory to SFT, the next step is to show how genus-zero topological recursion translates to SFT. Compatible with the example of SFT of closed geodesics, it turns out that the corresponding localization theorem requires a non-equivariant version of SFT, which is generated by parametrized instead of unparametrized closed Reeb orbits. Since this non-equivariant version is so far only defined for cylindrical contact homology, we restrict ourselves to this special case. As an important result we show that, as in rational Gromov-Witten theory, all descendant invariants can be computed from primary invariants, i.e. without descendants.