MiS Preprint Repository

Delve into the future of research at MiS with our preprint repository. Our scientists are making groundbreaking discoveries and sharing their latest findings before they are published. Explore repository to stay up-to-date on the newest developments and breakthroughs.

MiS Preprint

Deficits in Long-Term Recognition Memory Reveal Dissociated Subtypes in Congenital Prosopagnosia

Rainer Stollhoff, Jürgen Jost, Tobias Elze and Ingo Kennerknecht


The study investigates long-term recognition memory in congenital prosopagnosia (CP), a lifelong impairment in face identification that is present from birth. Previous investigations of processing deficits in CP have mostly relied on short-term recognition tests to estimate the scope and severity of individual deficits. We firstly report on a controlled test of long-term (one year) recognition memory for faces and objects conducted with a large group of participants with CP. Long-term recognition memory is significantly impaired in eight CP participants (CPs). In all but one case, this deficit was selective to faces and didn't extend to intra-class recognition of object stimuli. In a test of famous face recognition, long-term recognition deficits were less pronounced, even after accounting for differences in media consumption between controls and CPs. Secondly, we combined test results on long-term and short-term recognition of faces and objects, and found a large heterogeneity in severity and scope of individual deficits. Analysis of the observed heterogeneity revealed a dissociation of CP into subtypes with a homogeneous phenotypical profile. Thirdly, we found that among CPs self-assessment of real-life difficulties, based on a standardized questionnaire, and experimentally assessed face recognition deficits are strongly correlated. Our results demonstrate that controlled tests of long-term recognition memory are needed to fully assess face recognition deficits in CP. Based on controlled and comprehensive experimental testing, CP can be dissociated into subtypes with a homogeneous phenotypical profile. The CP subtypes identified align with those found in prosopagnosia caused by cortical lesions; they can be interpreted with respect to a hierarchical neural system for face perception.

Feb 1, 2011
Feb 2, 2011

Related publications

2011 Journal Open Access
Rainer Stollhoff, Jürgen Jost, Tobias Elze and Ingo Kennerknecht

Deficits in long-term recognition memory reveal dissociated subtypes in congenital prosopagnosia

In: PLOS ONE, 6 (2011) 1, e15702