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MiS Preprint

Wrinkling of a thin circular sheet bonded to a spherical substrate

Peter Bella and Robert V. Kohn


We consider a disc-shaped thin elastic sheet bonded to a compliant sphere. (Our sheet can slip along the sphere; the bonding controls only its normal displacement.) If the bonding is stiff (but not too stiff), the geometry of the sphere makes the sheet wrinkle to avoid azimuthal compression. The total energy of this system is the elastic energy of the sheet plus a (Winkler-type) substrate energy. Treating the thickness of the sheet h as a small parameter, we determine the leading-order behaviour of the energy as h tends to zero, and we give (almost matching) upper and lower bounds for the next-order correction. Our analysis of the leading-order behaviour determines the macroscopic deformation of the sheet; in particular, it determines the extent of the wrinkled region, and predicts the (non-trivial) radial strain of the sheet. The leading-order behaviour also provides insight about the length scale of the wrinkling, showing that it must be approximately independent of the distance r from the centre of the sheet (so that the number of wrinkles must increase with r). Our results on the next-order correction provide insight about how the wrinkling pattern should vary with r. Roughly speaking, they suggest that the length scale of wrinkling should not be exactly constant—rather, it should vary slightly, so that the number of wrinkles at radius r can be approximately piecewise constant in its dependence on r, taking values that are integer multiples of $h^{−a}$ with $a \sim 1/2$.

This article is part of the themed issue ‘Patterning through instabilities in complex media: theory and applications’.

Nov 8, 2016
Apr 19, 2017

Related publications

2017 Repository Open Access
Peter Bella and Robert V. Kohn

Wrinkling of a thin circular sheet bonded to a spherical substrate

In: Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society / A, 375 (2017) 2093, p. 20160157