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Quantifying quantum coherence and non-classical correlation based on Hellinger distance
Zhi-Xiang Jin and Shao-Ming Fei
Quantum coherence and non-classical correlation are key features of quantum world. Quantifying coherence and non-classical correlation are two key tasks in quantum information theory.
First, we present a bona fide measure of quantum coherence by utilizing the Hellinger distance. This coherence measure is proven to fulfill all the criteria of a well defined coherence measure, including the strong monotonicity in the resource theories of quantum coherence. In terms of this coherence measure, the distribution of quantum coherence in multipartite systems is studied and a corresponding polygamy relation is proposed. Its operational meanings and the relations between the generation of quantum correlations and the coherence are also investigated.
Moreover, we present Hellinger distance-based measure of non-classical correlation, which not only inherits the nice properties of the Hellinger distance including contractivity, and but also shows a powerful analytic computability for a large class of quantum states. We show that there is an explicit trade-off relation satisfied by the quantum coherence and this non-classical correlation.