Delve into the future of research at MiS with our preprint repository. Our scientists are making groundbreaking discoveries and sharing their latest findings before they are published. Explore repository to stay up-to-date on the newest developments and breakthroughs.
Toric geometry of path signature varieties
Laura Colmenarejo, Francesco Galuppi and Mateusz Michałek
In stochastic analysis, a standard method to study a path is to work with its signature. This is a sequence of tensors of different order that encode information of the path in a compact form. When the path varies, such signatures parametrize an algebraic variety in the tensor space. The study of these signature varieties builds a bridge between algebraic geometry and stochastics, and allows a fruitful exchange of techniques, ideas, conjectures and solutions. In this paper we study the signature varieties of two very different classes of paths. The class of rough paths is a natural extension of the class of piecewise smooth paths. It plays a central role in stochastics, and its signature variety is toric. The class of axis-parallel paths has a peculiar combinatoric flavour, and we prove that it is toric in many cases.