MiS Preprint Repository

We have decided to discontinue the publication of preprints on our preprint server as of 1 March 2024. The publication culture within mathematics has changed so much due to the rise of repositories such as ArXiV ( that we are encouraging all institute members to make their preprints available there. An institute's repository in its previous form is, therefore, unnecessary. The preprints published to date will remain available here, but we will not add any new preprints here.

MiS Preprint

Experimental Test of the Relation between Coherence and Path Information

Jun Gao, Zi-Qiang Jiao, Cheng-Qiu Hu, Lu-Feng Qiao, Ruo-Jing Ren, Hao Tang, Zhi-Hao Ma, Shao-Ming Fei, Vlatko Vedral and Xian-Min Jin


Quantum coherence stemming from the superposition behaviour of a particle beyond the classical realm, serves as one of the most fundamental features in quantum mechanics. The wave-particle duality phenomenon, which shares the same origin, has a strong relationship with quantum coherence. Recently, an elegant relation between quantum coherence and path information has been theoretically derived. Here, we experimentally test such new duality by $l_1$-norm measure and the minimum-error state discrimination. We prepare three classes of two-photon states encoded in polarisation degree of freedom, with one photon serving as the target and the other photon as the detector. We observe that wave-particle-like complementarity and Bagan's equality, defined by the duality relation between coherence and path information, is well satisfied. Our results may shed new light on the original nature of wave-particle duality and on the applications of quantum coherence as a fundamental resource in quantum technologies.

Jan 9, 2019
Jan 15, 2019

Related publications

2018 Journal Open Access
Jun Gao, Zhi-Qiang Jiao, Chen-Qiu Hu, Lu-Feng Qiao, Ruo-Jing Ren, Zhi-Hao Ma, Shao-Ming Fei, Vlatko Vedral and Xian-Min Jin

Experimental test of relation between coherence and path information

In: Communications physics, 1 (2018), p. 89