Eigenstate thermalisation hypothesis and functional CLT for Wigner matrices
- Laszlo Erdös
We prove that any deterministic matrix is approximately the identity in the eigenbasis of a large random Wigner matrix W with an optimal error inversely proportional to the square root of the dimension. This verifies a strong form of Quantum Unique Ergodicity with an optimal convergence rate and we also prove Gaussian fluctuations around this convergence after a small spectral averaging. This requires to extend the classical CLT for linear eigenvalue statistics, Tr f(W), to include a deterministic matrix A and we identify three different modes of fluctuation for Tr f(W)A in the entire mesoscpic regime. The key technical tool is a new multi-resolvent local law for Wigner ensemble.