Positive geometry in cosmology
- Daniel Baumann (University of Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Cosmology is famously an observational rather than an experimental science. No experimentalists were present in the early universe, and the birth and subsequent evolution of the universe cannot be repeated. Instead, we can only measure the spatial correlations between cosmological structures at late times. A central challenge of modern cosmology is to construct a consistent "history" of the universe that explains these correlations.
Recently, a new bootstrap approach was developed to understand this history using physical consistency conditions alone. In this colloquium, I will explain the basic idea behind this "cosmological bootstrap". I will also describe the search for new geometrical structures, called "positive geometries", which may underlie the theory of cosmological correlations. Finding such structures is one of the central aims of the ERC Synergy Grant project UNIVERSE+. I hope to make the talk accessible to a broad audience, and will not assume any background in cosmology or particle physics.