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MiS Preprint
21/2012

Crossover of the coarsening rates in demixing of binary viscous liquids

Felix Otto, Christian Seis and Dejan Slepčev

Abstract

We consider a model for phase separation in binary viscous liquids that allows for material transport due to cross-diffusion of unlike particles and convection by the hydrodynamic bulk flow. Typically, during the evolution, the average size of domains of the pure phases increases with time — a phenomenon called coarsening. Siggia [24] predicts that at an initial stage, coarsening proceeds mainly by diffusion, which leads to the well-known evaporation-recondensation growth law $\ell\sim t^{1/3}$, when $\ell$ denotes the average domains size and $t$ denotes time. Furthermore, he argues that at a later stage, convection by the bulk flow becomes the dominant transport mechanism, leading to a crossover in the coarsening rates to $\ell\sim t$. Siggia’s predictions have been confirmed by experiments and numerical simulations. In this work, we prove the crossover in the coarsening rates in terms of time-averaged lower bounds on the energy, which scales like an inverse length. We use a method proposed by Kohn and the first author [15], which exploits the gradient flow structure of the dynamics. Our adaption uses techniques from optimal transportation. Our main ingredient is a dissipation inequality. It measures how the optimal transportation distance changes under the effects of convective and diffusive transport.

Received:
Apr 5, 2012
Published:
Apr 5, 2012

Related publications

inJournal
2013 Repository Open Access
Felix Otto, Christian Seis and Dejan Slepčev

Crossover of the coarsening rates in demixing of binary viscous liquids

In: Communications in mathematical sciences, 11 (2013) 2, pp. 441-464