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Impossibility of masking a set of quantum states of nonzero measure
Xiao-Bin Liang, Bo Li, Shao-Ming Fei and Heng Fan
We study the quantum information masking based on isometric linear operators that distribute the information encoded in pure states to the correlations in bipartite states.
It is shown that a isometric linear operator can not mask any nonzero measure set of pure states. We present a geometric characterization of the maskable sets, and show that any maskable set must be on a spherical circle in certain Euclidean spaces. Detailed examples and potential applications in such as secret sharing and quantum cryptography are analyzed.