Abstract for the talk on 01.08.2018 (10:00 h)Seminar on Nonlinear Algebra
Diego Cifuentes (MPI MIS, Leipzig)
Chordal networks of polynomial ideals
We introduce a novel representation of structured polynomial ideals, which we refer to as chordal networks. The sparsity structure of a polynomial system is often described by a graph that captures the interactions among the variables. Chordal networks provide a computationally convenient decomposition into simpler (triangular) polynomial sets, while preserving the underlying graphical structure. We show that many interesting families of polynomial ideals admit compact chordal network representations (of size linear in the number of variables), even though the number of components is exponentially large. Chordal networks can be effectively used to obtain several properties of the variety, such as its dimension, cardinality, components, and radical ideal membership. We apply our methods to examples from algebraic statistics and vector addition systems; for these instances, algorithms based on chordal networks outperform existing techniques by orders of magnitude.