Abstract for the talk on 25.09.2020 (17:00 h)Math Machine Learning seminar MPI MIS + UCLA
Randall Balestriero (Rice University)
Max-Affine Spline Insights into Deep Networks
See the video of this talk.
We build a rigorous bridge between deep networks (DNs) and approximation theory via spline functions and operators. Our key result is that a large class of DNs can be written as a composition of max-affine spline operators (MASOs), which provide a powerful portal through which to view and analyze their inner workings. For instance, conditioned on the input signal, the output of a MASO DN can be written as a simple affine transformation of the input. This implies that a DN constructs a set of signal-dependent, class-specific templates against which the signal is compared via a simple inner product; we explore the links to the classical theory of optimal classification via matched filters and the effects of data memorization. We also study the forming of the spline partition of the input signal space that is implicitly induced by a MASO. This provides direct links from DNs to the theory of vector quantization (VQ) and K-means clustering, which opens up new geometric avenue to study how DNs organize signals in a hierarchical fashion.